Types of Cryptocurrency Overview, Examples

DAI, is a decentralized stablecoin — meaning that it’s not managed by a central authority or organization, but by smart contracts. It’s also soft-pegged to the U.S. dollar — it’s correlated to USD but not backed by actual dollars — to try to keep its value relatively steady compared with other cryptos. The utility and governance token of MakerDAO is MKR, which is used to stabilize the price of Dai crypto. As one of the top five cryptocurrencies by market cap in 2022, BNB has developed a wide range of use cases and real-world applications. But, as with other digital assets, this crypto platform has also faced regulatory hurdles here and abroad.

In reality, Bitcoin and Ethereum are designed to achieve different goals, and in many ways can be regarded as complementary forces. Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer digital cash network, which facilitates transactions without the need for a central authority. This novel network architecture has paved the way for the complex blockchain ecosystem that we have today. Ethereum, often referred different types of cryptocurrency exchanges to as the world computer, iterates on Bitcoin’s technology while introducing smart contracts. Smart contracts allow for building dApps that span a broad range of crowdfunding platforms, financial instruments, digital games and collectibles, and decentralized marketplaces. Given the volatility experienced in many digital assets, stablecoins are designed to provide a store of value.

They allow the distribution of power within the holders and thus enable decentralized decision-making similar to the rights stakeholders get in corporate governance. Holding governance tokens give investors the ability to propose how crypto projects should evolve further. Furthermore, tokens always have https://xcritical.com/ more use cases than coins. Tokens are cryptocurrencies built on blockchains that already exist and have their own native currencies. Humorous meme coins are considered to be one of the riskiest forms of crypto. They are created mostly for fun or speculative reasons and typically have no other use case.

Stay up to date with all things crypto.

Crypto gaming offers an entirely new dimension to the crypto market. It introduces monetary benefits while gaming and enhances interoperability across games. The Sandbox, Axie Infinity, and Decentraland are some popular titles in the crypto gaming industry.

What Are All the Different Types of Cryptocurrency

✝ To check the rates and terms you qualify for, SoFi conducts a soft credit pull that will not affect your credit score. 2) Active Investing—The Active Investing platform is owned by SoFi Securities LLC. Clearing and custody of all securities are provided by APEX Clearing Corporation. The only thing required to transact on Ethereum using wrapped tokens is a small gas fee. It aims to improve scalability by introducing a proof-of-history consensus combined with the underlying proof-of-stake consensus of the blockchain. Many believe that Tether is the lifeblood of the crypto ecosystem. They’re concerned that if Tether implodes, then the entire system would crash.

Types of Crypto Coins and Tokens: What’s an Altcoin?

But it’s grown significantly and can now also be used to pay for goods and services. But popularity and size are not necessarily always the goals for the creators of these so-called altcoins . Many are instead designed for certain scenarios, companies, and industries. With the increasing popularity of decentralized finance and non-fungible tokens , different types of cryptocurrencies have moved into the spotlight. According to reports by on-chain analysts, it has been stated that only 2% of the world is in crypto—which goes to show how relatively niche and small the crypto market still is.

  • Cryptocurrencies are subject to high fluctuations in value.
  • Bitcoin was the world’s first cryptocurrency, with its origins dating back to a white paper published in 2008, and remains the best-known type of crypto.
  • Being independent and easy to use, such assets can completely change the modern economy.
  • The ability to create unique blockchain tokens began with Ethereum’s ERC-721 standard, which defines a kind of token that is unique, and ERC-1155, which defines collections of multiple tokens.
  • “Wary of Bitcoin? A guide to some other crypto currencies”.

While people see the transaction, only the owner can decrypt it with a private key. A crypto developed by Ethereum co-founder Charles Hoskinson, Cardano was built on a “scientific philosophy” and dozens of peer-reviewed research papers. Cardano uses its own internal crypto, called ADA, to let users send and receive funds. It’s also a different type of blockchain technology, with the goal of being “greener” and more scalable than other platforms. We also gather additional information from different sources to make sure we cover all necessary data or events.


More and more purchases are made electronically, either online or with credit and debit cards. Why not use a currency that was designed for online transactions? In fact, several such currencies were created in the 1980s and 1990s.

Information provided on Forbes Advisor is for educational purposes only. Your financial situation is unique and the products and services we review may not be right for your circumstances. We do not offer financial advice, advisory or brokerage services, nor do we recommend or advise individuals or to buy or sell particular stocks or securities. Performance information may have changed since the time of publication. The definition of an altcoin had evolved since the early days of cryptocurrency when only a handful of crypto assets existed. Back then, anything but Bitcoin was considered an altcoin.

Using Different Types of Crypto Coins and Tokens

This is how each NFT provides proof of authorship and also the ownership. NFTs are non-fungible tokens that might represent anything digital. They are one of a kind and can’t be exchanged for any other token without losing value. Other coins like Bitcoin and Ethereum, meanwhile, come only with partial anonymity.

With that said, any “best of” list is bound to have a bias, and this is true for this list as well. Although there are technically over 2000 cryptocurrencies, only a handful are relevant. This text is informative in nature and should not be considered an investment recommendation. It does not express the personal opinion of the author or service. Any investment or trading is risky, and past returns are not a guarantee of future returns.

In this case, each coin is backed by an equivalent number of US dollars, which keeps it from experiencing the same kind of pricing volatility that other cryptocurrencies face. There is however, some debate about whether it truly is fully backed by the dollar. There are thousands of cryptocurrencies—but they’re not all the same. As a beginner, you must research how the crypto market works and how you can go about cryptocurrency trading. While researching, go through various market trends, charts, and prices. After researching all of the above to a satisfactory level, you can then choose the cryptocurrencies you wish to trade with.

Tether (USDT)

In short, infrastructure is an amalgamation of code pieces that make up any blockchain. Finally, plasma chains are blockchains connected to a primary or “parent” blockchain. They’re essentially scaled-down versions of the parent blockchain and are known as “child” chains. Sidechains, meanwhile, are separate, “secondary” blockchains that link to a primary blockchain.

However, other examples include Theta , Flow , Alien Worlds and Sport and Leisure . While Bitcoin’s design was for an alternate means of exchange, intent doesn’t always equal actual usage. Payspacemagazine.com is an expert resource for FinTech and e-commerce, start-ups, payment systems, online payments, traditional and alternative currencies worldwide. What truly matters are the tokenomics, key metrics and the team behind a particular project. Coins and tokens might both have excellent, or alarming foundations. Maker is the best-known example of a governance token and can be used for voting, which is the only way to execute protocol changes.

What Are All the Different Types of Cryptocurrency

But, I have to make a point about it because it is still possible. So, we’ve now covered the different types of cryptocurrency. This is all possible because Ethereum introduced new technology to the crypto world when it launched in 2015. A smart contract can automatically execute transactions when certain things happen. When a new block of transactions is sent to the blockchain, the miners/nodes will verify the block using an algorithm called PoW (Proof-of-Work).

Can you invest in all types of crypto?

Ether is the coin of the Ethereum Network, an ambitious blockchain launched more as an environment for developers to innovate than as a store of value. Ethereum is the second largest crypto by market cap (roughly $180 billion) but prides itself on the community that supports it and its innovations. A cryptocurrency, represented by the crypto coin as a unit of value, serves as the standard method of payment on a particular blockchain. A blockchain is a digital ledger of transactions recorded on a decentralized computing network. Its technical protocol enables it to record validated entries agreed upon by the entire blockchain in a manner that can’t be changed or overwritten.

Due to high price fluctuations when trading, it is essential to understand the concept of trading in the market. Security tokens represent ownership in various financial assets that are traded on a blockchain. These assets might be any financial instrument, for example, a real estate, commodity, or any type of equity that is tokenized.

Stablecoins aim to combat this volatility by providing an alternative that’s more suited to everyday use. The most common stablecoins available are Tether , USD Coin , DAI, and Binance USD . I would avoid any coin that isn’t top ten on coinmarket cap if you have to ask.

This article is for information purposes only and should not be considered trading or investment advice. Nothing herein shall be construed as financial, legal, or tax advice. Trading forex, cryptocurrencies, and CFDs pose a considerable risk of loss.


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